Nearly one in ten people aged 18 and older have a mood disorder. Children, teens, and adults may all experience mood disorders and these disorders can lead to changes in an individual’s emotional state and behaviors that may make it difficult to function at work or school. It is normal for someone’s mood to change, depending on the situation. However, to be diagnosed with a mood disorder, symptoms must be present for several weeks or longer. Various genetic, biological, environmental, and other factors have been associated with mood disorders. The most common types of mood disorders include Depression and Bipolar Disorder.
A mood disorder that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest, for most of the day, nearly every day, for at least two weeks. Many people struggling with depression can feel better with medication and/or therapy. During a depressive episode, the person experiences significant difficulty in personal, family, social, educational, occupational, and/or other important areas of functioning.
Some symptoms of depression may include:
If you think you may hurt yourself or attempt suicide,
Call the Suicide Prevention Lifeline #1-800-273-TALK, or call 911 and go to the nearest ER.
Bipolar disorder is a treatable disorder marked by extreme changes in mood, thought, energy, and behavior. With this condition a person has periods of depression alternating with periods of an elevated mood. Symptoms can cause unpredictable changes in mood and behavior, resulting in significant distress and difficulty in life.
Bipolar I disorder: is disorder in which mania symptoms have occurred for at least a week or has required hospitalization. Mania may be characterized by euphoric and/or irritable moods, distractibility, little need for sleep, racing thoughts, and increased energy or activity. During manic episodes, people with bipolar I also regularly engage in risky activities that can result in painful consequences for themselves and/or others.
Bipolar II disorder: Bipolar II disorder is not a milder form of bipolar I disorder, but a separate diagnosis. To be diagnosed with bipolar II, a person must have had at least one episode of current or past hypomania (a less severe form of mania), and at least one episode of current or past major depression, but no history of any manic episodes. While the manic episodes of bipolar I disorder can be severe and dangerous, individuals with bipolar II disorder can be depressed for longer periods, which can cause significant impairment and distress.
Bipolar Disorder in Adolescents
Children and teens are more likely to have destructive outbursts or impulsivity. Mania in children often can appear as rage or extreme irritability. Physical symptom such as headaches, stomaches, fatigue, frequent absences from school, poor concentration and school performance, isolation, unexplained crying, and agitation are common. Adolescents may have symptoms of ADHD or substance use before a mood disorder is diagnosed
Bipolar Disorder in Adults
The average age of onset is 18 years old, but the treatment for bipolar disorder does not typically begin until age 27; meaning that many people with bipolar disorder are left untreated for a decade or more. During a manic phase, individual’s may engage in risky sex, impulsive spending, substance use and may have elevated energy, and little need for sleep. During a depressive phase, individual’s may feel hopeless, worthless, guilty, and may have very little energy or motivation.
FAQs About Mood Disorders
Mood disorders often begin in adolescence or young adulthood, although they can also occur in childhood or later in life. Most people with mood disorders experience their first symptoms in their early 20s. It may be triggered by a major life event, such as the death of a loved one, divorce, or other stressful events. A mood disorder may also be caused by a hereditary, environmental, or a psychosocial nature. Either way, if you feel that you are struggling with your mental health, do not hesitate to contact me for mood disorder treatment at 630-454-1490 to set up an appointment.
By seeking professional help for mental health treatment, you can develop a plan to cope with your mood disorder. This may include therapy, medication, or both. But, it is important to remember that you are not alone, and treatments are available to help you manage your condition. I will be with you every step of the way to help you develop a plan that works for you.
The symptoms of mood disorders can vary, but often include persistent feelings of sadness or anger, loss of interest in activities you once enjoyed, changes in sleep or appetite, fatigue, difficulty concentrating, and/or mood swings. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms or want to know more, please contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org for mood disorder treatment. Together, we can work to identify the root cause of your symptoms and develop a treatment plan to address them.
There is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question, as the best medicine for mood disorders will vary depending on the individual’s specific situation. Some people with mood disorders may benefit from medication, while others may find that therapy or a combination of both is more helpful. It is important to work with a psychiatric practitioner to determine what treatment plan is best for you.